Glossary of Terms

Common Tax Terms
Acres 
Ad Valorem Tax 
Bill No. (Bill Number) 
Building Values 
County Exemption 
Description 
District 
Due Date 
Entity
Fair Market Value 
General Execution Docket 
Gross Assessment 
Homestead Exemption 
Interest 
Intestate 
Land Value 
Late Fee 
Levy 
Map Code
Millage Rate (Tax Rate) 
Net County Assessment 
Net School Assessment 
Penalty 
School Exemption 
Tax Digest 
Tax FIFA 
Tax Lien 
Writ

Acres
The total area of land contained in a parcel. 
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Ad Valorem Tax
A tax that is imposed against real or personal property based on it's value. 
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Bill No. (Bill Number)
A number used by the Athens-Clarke County tax commissioner's office to uniquely identify each parcel in the county for tax purposes. 
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Building Values
The assessed value of buildings residing on the parcels being taxed. 
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County Exemption
The portion of the assessed value for county tax purposes that will be free of taxation. 
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Description
The street address of the parcel. 
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District
The tax jurisdiction where the parcel is located. 
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Due Date
The final date that tax payments can be made without incurring interest, penalties, or late fees. 
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Entity
The taxing authority responsible for the levied taxes. 
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Fair Market Value
The amount a knowledgeable buyer would pay for the property and a willing seller would accept for the property at an arm's length, bona fide sale. 
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General Execution Docket
The docket or publication where liens (tax FIFAs) are filed and removed from the clerk of superior court's records. 
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Gross Assessment
The total value of a parcel of property for tax purposes as determined by the county Board of Assessors. In Georgia, property is assessed at 40% of the fair market value unless otherwise specified by law. Property is assessed at the county level. 
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Homestead Exemption
The system developed by the state of Georgia that exempts from taxation a specified amount of assessed value of an owner-occupied home. 
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Interest
An amount assessed as late fee payment of taxes. Interest of 1% on unpaid delinquent taxes is charged every 30 days after the tax payment deadline. 
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Intestate
One who dies and leaves no legal will defining their wishes for disposal of property. 
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Land Value
The assessed value of the land that comprises the parcel being taxed. 
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Late Fee
Any fees in addition to interest and penalty that a property owner incurs for late payment of taxes. 
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Levy
The process whereby the tax commissioner, empowered by writ or other judicial directive, actually seizes or otherwise brings into their control, a delinquent taxpayer's property to satisfy the judgment. 
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Map Code
The coordinates used to locate the parcel being taxed on the official map used by the Board of Tax Assessors and the tax commissioner's office. 
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Millage Rate (Tax Rate) 
A rate set annually by the Athens-Clarke County commissioners and the county Board of Education. A tax rate of one mill represents a tax liability of one dollar per $1,000 of its assessed value. Each governing authority estimates its total revenue from other sources. This figure is subtracted from its overall budgetary needs, then a millage rate is set that will generate the necessary revenues to fulfill budgetary requirements.  
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Net County Assessment
The value of a parcel for county tax purposes less the county exemption. 
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Net School Assessment
The value of a parcel for school tax purposes less the school exemption. 
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Penalty
An amount assessed for late payment of taxes. A penalty of 10% will apply to all taxes that are not paid within 90 days of the tax-payment deadline. 
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School Exemption
The portion of the assessed value for school tax purposes that will be free of taxation. 
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Tax Digest
The tax digest is a master list of all real and personal property holdings in the county. It identifies each parcel by location, name and address of the owner, classification of the property, and the current taxable value. 
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Tax FIFA
A lien for unpaid tax that has been recorded with the clerk of superior court. The filing expands the lien from the specific property to all assets of the named owner. 
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Tax Lien
A claim, encumbrance, or charge on a taxpayer's property for overdue taxes. 
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Writ
A written court order or judicial process directing that the tax commissioner do what is commanded by the order; or giving authority and commission to have it done.
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